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What We Know About Shoes

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2021-09-03      Origin: Site

How much do you know about the shoes that you wear on your feet every day? Today we will give you a brief introduction.


1. Shoe upper:

The general term for the overall external parts of the shoe. It includes the part of the shoe liner, the side part of the front upper, the tongue, the horizontal liner, the inner and outer positions of the middle-upper, the position of the back cover, the part of the mouth of the shoe, and the part of the elastic band.


1. Shoe gallbladder part:

The upper part of the shoe (that is, the position of the back of the foot) is the most conspicuous part of the upper part. Generally, the high-quality leather and the change of style are reflected by the shoe bladder during production.


2. The sideways part of the front helper:

It is located on both sides of the shoe bladder, divided into inner and outer sides. Its bottom is glued into the sole, and the upper part is connected to the bladder to wrap the front sides of the human foot. It bears the maximum squeezing force given by the human body, so it is the part that best reflects the comfort of the shoe and the part that is most prone to quality problems.


3. Shoe tongue part:

The part that connects the shoe bladder is the part where the shoe bladder extends to the back of the foot. The function of the tongue is to close the upper back of the foot, on the one hand, to make it difficult to fall off, and on the other hand, it also plays a role in beautifying the upper of the shoe. Whether the appearance lines are smooth and the shape is correct, it reflects the overall spirit of the shoe.


4. Horizontal bladder: the horizontal decorative belt located at the connecting part of the tongue and the bladder, the function is:

① Block the connecting seam between the shoe liner and the oblique body;

②The style change of Hengdan has the finishing touch to the shoes;

③Tighten the human foot further to prevent it from falling off.


5. The inner and outer waist parts of the middle help:

Located at the inner and outer foot sockets of the human foot, it comfortably wraps the middle of the human foot, connects the front helper, the back cover, and the bottom, and acts as a link between the upper part and the lower part.


6. Back cover part:

The part that wraps a person's heel is made in an arc shape according to the shape of the person's heel. On the one hand, it wraps the back heel to prevent it from falling off, and on the other hand, it cannot be wrapped too tightly to avoid "beating".


7. Roll the mouthpiece:

It wraps the exposed leather cut of the shoe opening, on the one hand, it prevents the leather from being quickly worn out, and on the other hand, it prevents the shoe from extending and deforming. It is generally cut into strips of thin leather or wear-resistant PU wrapped around the shoe opening for cutting. , So it is called "wrapped mouth strips", commonly known as "rolled mouth strips".


8. Elastic band position:

There are outer elasticity and inner elasticity. The outer elasticity is located on both sides of the tongue, and the inner elasticity is located at the junction of the tongue and the bladder in the shoe cavity. The purpose is to increase the elasticity of the shoe and make it easy to wear and not easy to fall off.


2. In the shoes:

The general term for the overall internal parts of the shoe, which includes the shoe lining, Gangbao, and other accessories.

1. Inside the shoe:

The shoes are divided into the front upper part, the middle-upper part, and the back cover. They are all made of thin and breathable pigskin and sheepskin. There are also a few high-end shoes that use a cowhide. The parts are stitched according to the established specifications and stitched with the upper material. Special attention should be paid to the use of suede in the cover after sewing. The purpose is to increase the friction between the heel and the shoe, which is conducive to the difficulty of walking. Fall off.


2. Gangbao:

Commonly known as "supporting head", it is made of special material. It is placed between the inner lining and the upper of the toe and the back cover of the shoe when making shoes. The purpose is to support the toe and the tail so that it is not easily deformed. It is equivalent to a suit. The role of "shoulder pad".


3. Other accessories:

Mainly include lining cloth, needle-punched cotton, reinforcing tape, etc., which are placed between the inner lining and the upper to assist in shaping, enhance the feel, and strengthen the tension.


3. Sole:

The overall bottom material of the shoe is referred to as the outsole, midsole, and footpad.


1. Outsole:

The part of the sole component that is in direct contact with the ground, which is visible to the naked eye, is mainly made of rubber, TPR|PU and other materials. it includes:

①Negative film: the part of the front part of the bottom that is in contact with the ground and the part on the bottom waist;

② Heel: the part where the bottom surface is in contact with the ground;

③Tianpi: Attached to the heel to enhance wear resistance;

④Welt: It is pasted between the upper and the sole for waterproofing, strengthening adhesion and aesthetics.


2. Midsole:

The invisible part of the sole component is located between the insole and the outsole. It is made of special materials. The waist is pasted with a steel strip with the same curvature as the center of the human foot. It is called a shank or "waist iron". The function of the midsole is to make the sole firm and not easily deformed.


3. Foot pad:

The part of the sole component that directly contacts the foot is covered with soft EVA (a kind of synthetic material similar to foam) on the side facing the midsole. The function of the footrest is to make the foot comfortable and breathable when worn.


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